The "Consilia" by Learned Physicians Pietro Andrea Mattioli and Francesco Partini: Dialectic Relations between Doctrine, Empirical Knowledge and Use of the Senses in Sixteenth-century Europe

Autor(en)
Alessandra Quaranta
Abstrakt

Summary. The present article focuses on the medical practice of Pietro Andrea Mattioli from Siena and Francesco Partini from Rovereto (Trent), learned physicians who worked for the Habsburg courts in the second half of the sixteenth century. They paid particular attention to the body signs of disease and described them in detail through the senses of sight, touch, smell and taste. Such a method allowed them to formulate a plausible diagnosis, which concerned not only a general humoral imbalance but also often a specific organ. Furthermore, the empirical data they observed were interpreted in the light of Galenic medicine, a fluid and adaptable system, capable of including relatively new elements. Partini and Mattioli’s medical consultations reveal peculiar aspects of body examination and offer the opportunity both to seize the inventiveness of Galenic medicine and to
explore the complex relationship between learned physicians and the written medical tradition.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Geschichte
Journal
Social History of Medicine
Band
35
Seiten
20-48
Anzahl der Seiten
29
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hkab118
Publikationsdatum
11-2021
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
605004 Kulturwissenschaft, 605002 Kulturgeschichte
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
History, Medicine (miscellaneous)
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/the-consilia-by-learned-physicians-pietro-andrea-mattioli-and-francesco-partini-dialectic-relations-between-doctrine-empirical-knowledge-and-use-of-the-senses-in-sixteenthcentury-europe(0a2d27b5-a321-41ee-89ee-fcd73d05b1de).html